1.With the help of 在~~帮助下  under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下 
2.be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格  be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格  
3. at present=at the present time 目前  for the present 暂时  
4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下  under the sun 在世界上  
5. lie in 位于~~之内  lie on 同~~接壤  lie to 位于~~之外  
6. at least 至少  in the least 丝毫,一点  
7. by name 名叫  in the name of 以~~名义  
8. in the air 空中,在流传  on the air 播出 
9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法  in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上get one’s own way to do 随心所欲  give way 让步,屈服  lose one’s way 迷路 by the way 顺便说一下  on one’s way to 在去~~的路上  Come this way 这边走 
10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)in the corner 在角落里(内角)
on the corner 在角落上(外角上)  
11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断  judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断 12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时  at the beginning of 在~~开始时 at the back of 在~~背后,支持  at the age of ~~岁时  at the foot of 在~~脚下 at the bottom of 在~~底部  at the top of 在~~顶上 at/on the edge of 在~~边上 
13. in the course of 在~~过程中  in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里 in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使  in the middle of 在~中间  in the end =at last=finally 最后  
14. on the eve of 在~~前夕  on the side of 在~~一边  
15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后  for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间  
16. behind time 迟到,过期  behind the times 落在时代后面  
17. at no time 决不  in no time 立即,马上  
18. at one time = once time 曾经 at a time = each time 每次  at times = sometimes 有时 at all times 经常,一直,始终  at the same time 同时  at the time 在~~的时候 by the time 到~~的时候  
19. for a moment 一会儿  for the moment 暂时  at the moment 当时  
the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那  
20. once or twice 一两次  more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又  once upon a time 从前  once in a while 偶尔 

1. 以break为中心的词组  
break away from 脱离,逃离  break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚  break in 闯进,打断;使顺服  break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚  break the law 违反法律  break the record 破记录  break one’s promise 失言  break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解  
2. 以catch为中心的词组  
be caught doing 被发现做某事  be caught in the rain 淋雨  catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车  catch a cold 伤风,感冒  catch one’s word 听懂某人的话  catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上  
3. 以come为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付  come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击  come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒  come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次  come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选  come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出 come to know 开始了解到 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于  come to an end 终止,结束 come true 实现,成为现实;证实  come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组  
be done in 精疲力竭  be done with 完全结束  do a good deed 做一件好事  
do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费  do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于  
do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于  do its work 有效,有作用  do much 极有用  
do wrong to 做错  do one’s best 尽某人最大努力  do one’s homework 做作业  
do one’s utmost 尽力而为  do proud 足以使~~骄傲  do sb. justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生  do sb. a favor 帮助某人 
do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮  do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理  do without 不需要,不用  do wonders 创造奇迹  have much to do with 和~~很有关系  have nothing to do with 与~~无关 have something to do with 和~~有关  in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 That will do. 行了;够了  
5. 以get为中心的词组  
get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传  get above oneself 自视高傲  get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常  get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 get ahead of 胜过,超过  get along 前进,进步;同意;离去  
get along with 与~~相处  get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 have got to do 不得不,必须 get away 离开,逃脱  get back 取回,回来;报复  get behind 落后;识破  get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁  get down to 认真对待,静下心来  get familiar with 熟悉  get hold of 获得,取得  get home 到家  get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身  get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功  get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休  get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为~~作准备  get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱  get through 到达,完成,通过;及格  get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见  get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织  get used to 习惯于  

6. 以give为中心的词组  
be given to 沉溺于,癖好  give about 分配;传播  give and take 相互迁就  
give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发  give back 归还  give cause 给予~~的理由 give ear to 侧耳倾听  give forth 发出,放出;发表  give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步  give off 发出(烟,气味)  give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首  give out 分发,公布  give place to 让位于,被~~所替代  give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生  give sb. to understand 通知某人  give up 放弃;停止  give way to 让步,退却;屈服于  

7. 以look为中心的词组  
look about 四下环顾;查看  look after 照顾,看管  look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于  look back 回顾  look for 寻找;期待,期望  look down on 俯视;轻视  look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览  look like 看起来象  look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防  look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览  look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组  
be made from 由~~原料制成  be made of 由~~材料制成  be made up of 由~~组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗  make a mistake 弄错  make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持  make advantages/use of 使用,利用  make after 追求,追赶  make believe 假装  make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系  make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友  make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为  make much of 重视;理解;赏识  make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事  make one’s own 当作自己的看待  make oneself at home 随便,别拘束  make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认  make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装  make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱  make way for 为~~让路,让路于  on the make 急求成功;增加  

9. 以put为中心的词组  
put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除  put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原处;驳回  put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议  put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞  put on 上演;穿上,带上 put up with 忍受,容忍 put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志  put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列  

10. 以take为中心的词组  
be taken aback 吃惊  take a seat 就坐  take a shower 淋浴,洗澡  take aim 瞄准,设立目标  take away 拿走,减去;夺去  take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take office 就职,上任  take ~~ for 把~当作 take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 take one’s temperature 量体温  take part in 参与,参加 take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 take place = happen 发生,举行  take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲  take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊  

11. 以turn为中心的词组  
give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法  in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的  take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见  turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走  turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为  turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向  turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于  turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱 

1.be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial  
2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance  
3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight  
4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight  
5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire  
6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night  
7. out of breath / control / question / sight  
8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/  
general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight  
9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle  
10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale 
11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/  mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight  
12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /  
night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large  
13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact  
14. above all / measure / normal  
15. before all / long / time / now / then  
16. after all / class / school  
17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/  
doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /  
18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence  
19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example  
20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair


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